CBSE is one of the two most important school education boards in India, the other being Indian Certificate of Secondary Education or ICSE. The Central Board of Secondary Education is a result of a series of changes over the years that led up to the board's present avatar.
The first board of school education in India was UP Board of High School and Intermediate Education which was set up way back in 1921. It expanded rapidly and a need was felt to form a centralized board in the wake of the advent of state boards and universities . Consequently, the same board was rechristened and the CBSE was born in the year 1952.
At present, the area of activity of the CBSE transcends national boundaries. Around 9000 schools are affiliated with the board and the figure includes around 140 schools spread across 21 countries.
From centralization to decentralization
In order to function efficiently and to ensure effective management of its tasks, the centralized board has a decentralized presence in different parts of India. There are offices in Delhi, Panchkula, Ajmer, Allahabad, Guwahati and Chennai. Affiliated schools that are outside the country are taken care of by the head office at Delhi.
The CBSE has a number of objectives. In addition to prescribing and updating the syllabi and norms of examinations, the board conducts public examinations at the end of class 10 and 12 under its 10 + 2 system of education. The board also issues relevant marksheets and certificates to successful candidates. The board has a role to play in assisting students in the transitional phase in the event of either parent's job transfer as well.
Overall, the board works in the direction of raising the educational standards of the country.